With the increasing global attention to environmental protection, it has become a consensus among energy and chemical industries to accelerate industrial transformation and upgrading and become a clean and green enterprise. Sinopec Corp. adheres to the idea of green development, attaches great importance to environmental protection, and strictly abides by the environmental law, regulations and protocols on the prevention and control of air, water and soil pollution. The Company continuously strengthens the application of environmental management system and technological applications, reduces pollution and the impact on the environment across the industrial chain, so as to achieve harmonious coexistence and coordinated development of society and the environment.
While implementing environmental laws and regulations, Sinopec Corp. also pushes forward the process to become a green enterprise. The Company continues to optimise its environmental management system and capability, screens and rectify environmental risks and hazards, and strengthens the supervision, governance and incentive for its subsidiaries to contribute to the green and sustainable development.
Production activities and operations of the Company generates waste water, exhaust gas and solid waste. The Company has established and continuously improves a dynamic management mechanism and relevant processes to deal with environmental hazards. Production subsidiaries of the Company use own facilities as well as municipal resources to effectively treat waste water, exhaust gas and waste residues to prevent and reduce pollution. It is expected that the government will formulate and implement stricter environmental laws and regulations and adopt stricter environmental standards.
Under these circumstances, the Company’s environmental expenditure may increase in the short term. But in the long run, upgrading and transformation of facilities will help us reduce resources consumption, save environmental management cost, and improve the comprehensive environmental performance, all of which are conducive to the long-term growth of the Company.
? By fully implementing a green and low-carbon development strategy, the Company has formulated the Environmental Protection Management Regulations of Sinopec Corp., and established and continuously improved the section of environmental protection in the HSSE management system in compliance with ISO14001 (GB/T24001). Environmental protection work of the Company is regulated to reach the goal of “zero pollution”.
? System and Guidelines: Based on the characteristics of the petrochemical industry and the current laws and regulations, the Company has formulated the HSSE Management System containing a section on environmental management, which includes environment-related management indicators and division of responsibilities, and its subsidiaries compiled and issued their own HSSE management manuals to improve their management capability.
? Implementation: Every year, indicators such as comprehensive energy consumption per RMB10,000 of output, industrial fresh water withdrawals, pollutants and total greenhouse gas emissions are passed on to functional departments and the subsidiaries with attached accountability statement. In 2019, the compliance rate of the total waste water and exhaust gas emissions by the subsidiaries were required to be at least 99.8% and 99.5% respectively, and 100% of hazardous waste is to be properly disposed.
? Evaluation: All the above-mentioned indicators are included in the green enterprise assessment system and the energy and environmental performance system. In addition, energy conservation and environmental protection indicators have been incorporated into the senior management assessment system of the subsidiaries and linked with the annual performance of employees.
? With a whole life cycle perspective, Sinopec Corp. implements closed-loop environmental management to effectively evaluate the relevant environmental risks and potential impacts of new and existing projects, and taking measures to mitigate the impact on eco-environment and the surrounding communities.
? Environmental impact assessment: For new projects, the Company conducts environmental impact assessment according to relevant national requirements, solicits public opinions in various ways, such as announcement, newspaper and the Internet, and publishes feedback information on the website of national environmental protection authorities. In 2019, all newly-built projects of the Company were subject to environmental impact assessment according to regulatory requirements and got approved accordingly.
? Green construction: During project construction, the project owner is required to formulate an HSE (health, safety and environmental protection) management approach, and provide contractors with environmental protection training. Suppliers are encouraged to give priority to environmentally-friendly construction processes. Professional institutions and experts are hired to conduct environmental inspection upon the completion of construction, including on-site inspections of the construction site and the pollution prevention and control facilities.
? Environmental risk monitoring: For projects already in operation, the Company formulates environmental risk assessment guidelines, and its subsidiaries regularly evaluate environmental risks and prepare their environmental risk list. Meanwhile, the Company continues to strengthen its capability to tackle environmental hazards and emergencies, and take regular actions to identify and mitigate environmental hazards.
? Sinopec Corp. has conducted comprehensive examination on its emission of atmospheric pollutants and rectified relevant problems. Meanwhile, the Company continued to strengthen the research and development of emission treatment technology and applications to improves its capability to control pollution and meet the atmospheric emission standards.
? Improving pollution prevention and control: Specified the emission and pollution control targets for the subsidiaries with the Pledge of Energy Efficiency & Environmental Protection, which are included in the annual performance assessment. Organised environment performance audit, on-site Green Enterprise audit, enterprise environmental examinations of in key areas, etc., and provided guidance to key enterprises on meeting emission standards.
? Carrying out environmental protection campaigns: Organised the enterprises in key areas to prevent and control atmospheric pollution and guarantee good air quality in the heating season of autumn and winter.
? Implementing environmental protection management: Upgraded environmental protection facilities, conducted the ultra-low emissions upgrading of coal-fired boilers and the low-nitrogen combustion upgrading of industrial furnace, and implemented VOCs treatment projects related to oil storage areas, the loading and unloading processes, and sewage treatment plants.
Aiming at treating the pollution of volatile organic pollutants (VOCs), Sinopec Yangzi Petrochemical developed the adsorption-catalytic oxidation (xCo) and the catalytic oxidation (CO) treatment technologies using precious metal catalyst. These technologies have been successfully applied to 14 industrial projects and achieved good results. In 2019, Sinopec Yangzi Petrochemical developed the innovative VOCs treatment technology for laboratories. This world-leading technology has realised customised selection of adsorbents and catalysts according to the components and concentration of VOCs, providing a new solution to treatment VOCs from chemical devices.
Sinopec Corp. adheres to the concept of circular economy and follows the principle of “Reduce, Reuse, and Harmless” to treat its solid waste. The Company has established a sound solid waste management system, and continues to pursue the comprehensive utilisation of solid waste. In 2019, the Company reduced the amount of solid waste by 5.1% year-on-year and increased the comprehensive utilisation rate of solid waste by 5.7% year-on-year. Hazardous waste was 100% disposed properly.
? Improved systems and standards: Issued List of Hazardous Waste of Sinopec Corp. (Trial), Technical Requirements for the Management of Solid Waste in Water Supply Systems, Management Measures for Green Purchase of Sinopec Corp., and Operation Specifications for Resin Spill Prevention of Sinopec Corp.
? Built regional hazardous waste disposal centres and waste catalyst disposal bases.
? Studied the characteristics of nonconforming products in the production of synthetic resin, and participated in the revision of the National List of Hazardous Waste.
? Promoted waste reduction from the source. In refining and chemical enterprises, green packaging for catalysts, solvents and additives were used, reducing packaging waste by approximately 36%, nearly 500,000 drums; reduced the packing need for waste lubricants, and promoted the use of environmentally friendly packaging.
? Promoted the use of bags and other eco-friendly packaging of lubricants, and innovated on service models to help customers dispose of waste oil to reduce environmental risks.
In 2019, Sinopec Shanxi Petroleum reached a strategic cooperation agreement with a university to jointly develop the microbial disposal technology for hazardous waste. Hazardous waste produced in the oil tank cleaning process treated with the microorganism technology were able to meet recycle and reuse standards. The two sides also jointly explored and researched on the microbial treatment technology of oily sludge and domestic sewage in the petroleum and petrochemical industry to provide environmental protection and production related technological services.
Sinopec Lubricant attaches great importance to reducing hazardous waste and recycling waste oil. It set up a benchmarking mechanism for hazardous waste and sales volume, and analysed the benchmarking results quarterly; increased the use to bags, which were more environmentally friendly and resulted in less oily waste for the customers to dispose of. In 2019, Sinopec Lubricant helped the refining and chemical subsidiaries of the Company reduce the use of 19,000steel drums and realise an 85.6% replacement rate of eco-friendly packaging. Sinopec Lubricant also actively communicated with the MEE Solid Waste and Toxic Chemicals Division and signed a cooperation framework agreement on waste oil recycling and cooperated with the local environmental protection authorities to promote the cleaning of used drums and recycle of waste oil.
Sinopec Corp. implements strict water use plan and target management, and adopts technically and economically feasible, safe and eco-friendly water-saving measures and alternative solutions to reduce water consumption in production. Meanwhile, the Company constantly improves the reuse rate of industrial water and reduces the comprehensive loss rate in water use to realise efficient and scientific utilisation of water resources.
Water saving target: Fresh water for industrial use decreases by no less than 1% each year.
Water saving achievement:
Water saving measures:
? Used alternatives to fresh water: Used rainwater, river water and municipal reclaimed water at six subsidiaries, and encouraged the comprehensive utilisation of seawater, brackish water and other unconventional water resources to reduce fresh water consumption.
? Strengthened reuse of waste water (or sewage water): Oil fields subsidiaries implemented the “sewage for clean water” project and used treated sewage water that meets discharge standards to replace clean water in water injection.
? Promoted water-saving technologies: Applied advanced technologies, processes, equipment and information technology to increase the efficiency of industrial water system, and implemented steam condensate recycling and utilisation projects at three subsidiaries.
? Prevented leakage: Carried out water balance examination and inspected water supply pipelines for leakage, upgrade old pipelines, and control water leakage.
In 2019, Sinopec Corp. carried out risk assessment for various water bodies in accordance with national and local discharge standards, conducted comprehensive investigation on the discharge of pollutants to control potential risks and make timely rectification, upgraded sewage treatment plants with denitrification and phosphorus removal facilities to improve the effectiveness of pre-treatment, and upgraded the online monitoring devices for sewage discharge to allow the real-time monitoring of nitrogen, phosphorus and other pollutants to ensure compliance with discharge standards.
As for ground water protection, the Company has established the Implementation Plan for Preliminary Investigation of Soil and Groundwater in the Lands Used by Sinopec Enterprises and organised the subsidiaries to conduct a survey to the groundwater in the place of operation. It is planned to have a preliminary understanding of the status of soil and groundwater in the lands used by the subsidiaries by the end of 2020, providing a reference for subsequent groundwater protection and remediation measures.
In 2019, the total amount of the Company’s COD and ammonia nitrogen in discharged waste water were 19,000 tonnes and 1,960 tonnes respectively.
Sinopec Corp. strengthens the management of land resources in accordance with the principle of intensive, efficient and green land use, requires the minimisation of the use of arable lands, restores damaged lands in a timely manner, and promotes the sustainable use of land resources.
The Company actively carried out withdrawal and reclamation of idle land from industrial uses. The safety and environmental risks of idle industrial and mining land were evaluated. For those land without safety and environmental risks was screened out and categorized, of which, the land located near farmland and eligible for reclamation was returned to the local government after reclamation.
In 2019, the Company focused on the following measures in exploration and production:
? Land, except those permanently acquired for construction, would be restored and returned to farmers for reclamation strictly in accordance with relevant government regulations.
? Prioritised the use of “cluster well” design. In Fuling shale gas fields, all wells used the “cluster well” design, reducing the average land acquisition area per well by 30%.
? Innovated the “parent-child drilling site” layout, which utilises existing platforms efficiently to maximise well layout, reduce land use, and reduce construction cost. In 2019, more than ten existing platforms were used to expand production capacity, reusing more than 53 thousand square metres of land.
The Company carried out oil spillage risk analysis and evaluation, strengthened emergency drills and training, improved oil spillage emergency plans, and built a professional response team. In 2019, there was no major oil spills occurred concerning Sinopec Corp.
? Improving the reaction system: Established the Emergency Plan for Maritime Disasters and the Emergency Plan Oil Spills at Sea according to the cases of maritime accidents at home and abroad and the Guidelines for the Preparation of National Emergency Plans; our subsidiaries formulated on-site emergency plans based on regional characteristics, improving emergency rescue system.
? Enhancing the delivery of supplies: Formulated the medium- and long-term development plans for emergency equipment for ship escorting, oil spill recovery and emergency rescue. In 2019, the Company invested more than RMB20 million to upgrade emergency equipment, standardise the management of emergency equipment, and improve emergency support capabilities.
? Strengthening emergency response in real scenarios: Built an emergency response team capable of completing multiple tasks through emergency drills and regular training. In 2019, the Company undertook or participated in more than ten maritime comprehensive emergency drills, involving more than 2,000 employees.
? In accordance with the relevant regulations of the Environmental Protection Law and the Convention on Biodiversity, Sinopec Corp. has dedicated a section of the Measures for the Environmental Protection Management of Sinopec Corp. to biodiversity conservation. In 2019, the Company formulated the Measures for the Management of Ecological Protection of Sinopec Corp., requiring stricter management of projects involving ecologically-sensitive regions. In 2019, there was no major harmful incidents to biodiversity occurred concerning Sinopec Corp.
? The Company has included specific requirements on biodiversity in the feasibility study and environmental impact assessment of major investment projects. For instance, in the feasibility study of the Sinopec Corp. Guangxi Section of the Xinjiang Coal-to-Gas Pipeline Project in 2019, it is clearly proposed that ecological protection and restoration measures should be taken during the construction of the project, and specified the respective ecological protection measures for large and medium-sized rivers, source water areas, national wetland parks, etc. involved in the project.
? The Company regularly screens for hidden hazards and makes sure to mitigate or eliminate the impact. In 2019, the Company screened the ecological hidden hazards in 16 provinces along its natural gas pipelines, and took timely measures to eliminate or mitigate the potential negative impact regarding the 112 risk points identified.
? The Company chooses to use technologies with less environmental impact in project construction in protected areas, such as the directional drilling and mud containment technologies used at the Ordos-Anping-Cangzhou Gas Pipeline Project, where the pipeline crosses the Majia River, and the China-Kuwait Refining and Chemical Integration Supporting Natural Gas Pipeline Project, where the pipeline goes through the mangrove reserve in Zhanjiang. Saudi Arabia Yanbu Refinery, a joint venture of Sinopec Corp., also paid close attention during construction to protect the mangrove areas near its pipeline route.
Chongming Island wetland, located in the Yangtze River Estuary, is the largest sandy wetland in the world. In 2019, Sinopec Shanghai Oil Marketing Company signed a strategic cooperation agreement with local universities to use company-owned land in west Chongming Island for field observation activities of the wetland ecosystem in the Yangtze River Estuary. The two parties jointly established an ecological monitoring & research station to provide support for the observation of water quality and wildlife in the Yangtze River Estuary and nearby areas, and the study on the impact of production and operation activities on local water environment and wildlife.